Human–Wildlife Conflict

Human-wildlife conflict (HWC) is the interaction between animals and humans, or animals and human resources. There are three primary reasons for HWC: 1/ human population encroachment into established wildlife territory; 2/ a shift in the abundance and distribution of a species resources; and 3/ the introduction of a species to a novel location. HWC can be direct or indirect, but the consequences are generally negative for humans and wildlife.



Understanding how individuals move and utilise the environment enables manager to implement actions that are flexible and targeted to specific locations and periods in time. Advances in animal telemetry technology, conceptual frameworks, and movement analysis techniques now allow for the incorporation of animal movement information into HWC management planning. 




In the MLE-Lab, we are using animal-borne devices to undertake high temporal resolution tracking of species responsible for HWC in northern Australia. These data are being used to determine the statistical properties of individual movement patterns, and identify the environmental conditions under which specific HWC behaviours occur. This information can then be modelled up to the landscape scale to identify where and when the probabilities of HWC are highest. This information ensures that management innervations are appropriate and directed to areas and times then they will be most effective and cost efficient. 



Related publications:

  1. Dwyer, R.D, Bundhoo-Carpenter, L, Franklin, C.E., Campbell H.A. (2016). Using citizen-collected wildlife sightings to predict traffic strike hot spots for threatened species: a case study on the southern cassowary. Journal of Applied Ecology, 53:4, 973-982. [PDF]
  2. Campbell, H.A., Dwyer, R.G., Wilson, H., Irwin, T.R., Franklin, C.E. (2015). Predicting the probability of large carnivore occurrence: a strategy to promote crocodile and human coexistence. Animal Conservation 18(4): 387-395. [PDF]
  3. Campbell, H.A.,Watts, M.E., Sullivan, S., Read, M.A., Choukroun, S., Irwin, S.R., Franklin, C.E. (2010). Estuarine crocodiles ride surface currents to facilitate long-distance travel. Journal of Animal Ecology 79(5): 955-964. [PDF]